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Health Subject Guide — Evidence Based Practice

Research Guide for Health, including Allied Health and Nursing

Evidence Based Practice

Evidence Based Practice (EBP) is a process that involves finding the most current evidence based literature (usually a Randomized Controlled Trial), using your clinical expertise, and combining it with the needs of your patient/client to make treatment or diagnostic decisions, or to change policies.  EBP is the integration of:

  • Best clinical research evidence with;
  • Clinical expertise and;
  • Patient values

(Sackett, DL et al.  Evidence-Based Medicine:  How to practice and teach EBM, 2nd edition.  Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, 2000).

The key steps in the EBP Process:

      Step 1:  Assess the patient/problem

      Step 2:  Frame your clincal question

      Step 3:  Find the evidence

      Step 4:  Assess the evidence

      Step 5:  Make the clinical change

      Step 6:  Evaluate 

When searching for the "evidence" remember to use the following databases available to UConn students and faculty: CINAHL, PubMed, Cochrane, DynaMed Plus, PsycINFO, Scopus, and TRIP.  TRIP is a free database that searches a number of sites for evidene based healthcare information.

Nursing students should also see Evidence Based Practice articles published in American Journal of Nursing listed in the EBP Articles box.

The document creates a PICO question and demonstrates search techniques in PubMed and CINAHL.  Open this document in IE or Chrome.

The following instructional handouts are current for 2017-2018.

EBP Articles

American Journal of Nursing presents a series of articles produced by ASU College of Nursing and Health Innovations's Center for the Advancement of Evidence-Based Practice.  

Evidence-Based Practice: Step by Step Part 1: Developing and Searching the Clinical Question

Evidence-Based Practice: Step by Step Part 2: Critical Appraisal of the Evidence

Evidence-Based Practice: Step by Step Part 3: Implementation

Evidence-Based Practice:  Step by Step Part 4:  Disseminating the Evidence and Sustaining the Change

Another useful article found in Evidence Based Nursing 1998 April; 1(2): 36-37

More Evidence Based Sources

Current guidelines and/or research are helpful in evidence based practice.