Why use articles instead of or in addition to books? Depends on your needs.
Where are articles found? In periodicals which are found in databases.
A Periodical -- as its name might imply -- is something that appears periodically, namely daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly, yearly, etc. Each time they are published, the content is completely new and different from any previous issues.
Watch this short video for a brief overview brief databases and how to find databases available from the UConn Library. https://learningmodules.lib.uconn.edu/videos/articledb.mp4
How do articles differ from books?
A scholarly article title can often be long and descriptive. It describes the issues or problems being researched and sometimes more. It summarizes the content of the article. Newspaper and magazine article titles may be provocative or otherwise try to entice you to read them. For example:
To find the two articles above, the keywords used were -- strength training.
When searching for articles in databases, do not write a question or sentence. Use specific relevant terms (mainly nouns) in separate boxes and perhaps add synonyms all in one box with OR between them. Say we wanted to add an age group to be more specific. Example:
Line 1 : Strength training
Line 2 : college students OR adolescents (using synonyms increases your number and breadth of search results)
Line 3 : (if you have any other qualifier)
Most of our databases allow you to add even more lines. Each concept on a separate line! Your results will improve.
Article & Database Tutorials
If you have not been told which database to use, a great place to start is in Databases - General (Interdisciplinary Topics).
These are the best collections of articles for beginning your research:
Here is the complete list of General (Interdisciplinary Topics) databases.
Peer-reviewed articles (the kind you'll find a lot of through the library) have abstracts. It's a quick summary of the article you're about to go through. What's so great about abstracts?
According to a group of college students interviewed "abstracts “saved time” because they “knew the argument” before they started and the entire article was “easy to figure out.”
One freshmen from that group said:
"Journal articles are completely new to me, I never read one in high school. Three out of four of my classes here have used journal articles in some shape or form, so I've been thrown into a sea of journal articles. The abstract definitely helps, it's so lovely, and it gives you a summary and it says, here is what we tested, here are our methods, so look for this when you are reading the paper because if you can’t catch this you are clearly on the wrong track!"
So, when you're looking for journal articles check out the abstract!
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