Common citation conventions for committee documents related to proposed legislation include the abbreviation of the document type, followed by the session number of Congress, and the specific document's number (documents are numbered consecutively throughout each session). If the citation doesn't include include the session number, use this table to determine the Congress number, based on the date the document was produced. These are the most common document & report types and citations:
|Abbreviation||Document type||Citation example|
|H.rp. or H.Rept||House report||H.Rept 109-698|
|H.doc.||House document||H.doc. 114-25|
|S. rpt. or S. Rept||Senate report||S. Rept. 109-328|
|S.doc.||Senate document||S. Doc. 114-9|
|S. Prt.||Senate Committee Print||S. Prt. 115-18|
House and Senate Reports accompany proposed legislation, outlining the purpose of the law, the need for the legislation, constitutionality, and analysis of the effect the legislation would have. The reports can include subcommittee reports, and minority views, on the law. For more information see About Congressional Reports (Government Printing Office web site).
Locating references to House and Senate Reports:
House and Senate Documents:
House and Senate Documents can include reports of executive agencies and documents related to treaties. For more information see About Congressional Documents (Government Printing Office web site).
Options for full-text access to House and Senate Documents:
Locating references to House and Senate Documents:
Committee Prints can include reference materials prepared for the members of a committee considering a bill.
Locating references to House and Senate Committee Prints:
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