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The War in Ukraine — Ukraine during the Russian Revolution and Russian Civil War (1917-1922)

A guide to better understanding the current crisis


During the chaos of the First World War, the February and October Revolutions in Russia, and the ensuing Russian Civil War, Ukraine experienced periods of intense warfare, privation, independence, dependence, invasion, and occupation. Out of this period of intense conflict, the territories of modern-day Ukraine were divided between the reestablished Polish Republic, the newly established Czechoslovakia, an expanded Romania, and as the Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic within the newly established Soviet Union.

For more information on the history of Ukraine during this crucial period, navigate to the section on "World wars," beginning on page 722, from: 

Struk, Danylo Husar, ed. “W.” In Encyclopedia of Ukraine: Volume V: St-Z, 677–732. University of Toronto Press, 1993. 

And navigate to the section on "History of Ukraine," beginning on page 180 and ending on page 185, from:

Kubijovyč, Volodymyr, ed. “H.” In Encyclopedia of Ukraine: Volume II: G-K, 108–293. University of Toronto Press, 1988.