Whenever you quote, paraphrase, summarize, or otherwise refer to the work of another, you must cite the source.
Your citations are like your paper's family tree. They show the difference between the ideas of others that you are responding to, and your own originality. Citation helps to clearly document the research you have done on your topic, and is very useful as you evaluate evidence and respond to the work of others.
If you have any questions about citations, you can use the Ask a Librarian Chat for help.
These pages provide more information on citations, integrating sources into your paper, and how to read citations.
When an assignment allows AI tools to be cited, you must cite any AI-generated material that informed you work. Using an AI tool to generate content without proper attribution qualifies as academic dishonesty.
Citing generative AI content for specific referencing styles
For many referencing styles there are no specific guidelines for citing generative AI. It is recommended to base the citation for generative AI content on the reference style for personal communication or correspondence; content from generative AI is a nonrecoverable source as it can't be retrieved or linked.
Information about using and referencing ChatGPT and other generative AI tools is still being developed and will continue to be updated.
Citation Tools in Databases
When you're using the General Search or browsing library databases, keep an eye out for buttons like these. They will create a citation for you to use! Always check that a generated citation is correct.
If you need to create just a few citations, we recommend Zoterobib. ZoteroBib is a free, fast citation generator that is similar to (but more accurate and reliable than) tools such as EasyBib and NoodleTools.
This tool provides very quick assistance in creating citations; it does not have the same functionality as the Zotero application.
If you need more functionality, e.g., you are working on a longer-term project, need to create a long bibliography, want to build a library to use across multiple projects, or want to share citations with others, we recommend looking at the Citation Management Tools page on this guide.
Remember: It is always your responsibility to double-check that your citation is accurate!
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