A citation describes a source by presenting information about that source (book, article, web page, etc.) in a standard format.
A citation tells:
- What was written - title
- Who wrote it - author and/or editor
- When - date of book, article or web page
- Where it was published and by whom - publisher and city; journal name; host of web page
Common citations are to journal articles, books, and book chapters.
Citations to journal or magazine articles will include some of the following:
- article title
- journal or magazine title
- volume number of the journal or magazine
- date of publication
Citations to books will include the following:
- Author or editor of the book
- Title of Book
- Publisher and city of publication
- Date of Publication
Book Chapter Citation
Citations to book chapters will also include the title, author, and pages of the chapter.