The Goodness Paradox by Richard Wrangham"A fascinating new analysis of human violence, filled with fresh ideas and gripping evidence from our primate cousins, historical forebears, and contemporary neighbors." --Steven Pinker, author of The Better Angels of Our Nature We Homo sapiens can be the nicest of species and also the nastiest. What occurred during human evolution to account for this paradox? What are the two kinds of aggression that primates are prone to, and why did each evolve separately? How does the intensity of violence among humans compare with the aggressive behavior of other primates? How did humans domesticate themselves? And how were the acquisition of language and the practice of capital punishment determining factors in the rise of culture and civilization? Authoritative, provocative, and engaging, The Goodness Paradox offers a startlingly original theory of how, in the last 250 million years, humankind became an increasingly peaceful species in daily interactions even as its capacity for coolly planned and devastating violence remains undiminished. In tracing the evolutionary histories of reactive and proactive aggression, biological anthropologist Richard Wrangham forcefully and persuasively argues for the necessity of social tolerance and the control of savage divisiveness still haunting us today.
Publication Date: 2019-01-29
Deadly Biocultures by Nadine Ehlers; Shiloh KruparA trenchant analysis of the dark side of regulatory life-making today In their seemingly relentless pursuit of life, do contemporary U.S. "biocultures"--where biomedicine extends beyond the formal institutions of the clinic, hospital, and lab to everyday cultural practices--also engage in a deadly endeavor? Challenging us to question their implications, Deadly Biocultures shows that efforts to "make live" are accompanied by the twin operation of "let die": they validate and enhance lives seen as economically viable, self-sustaining, productive, and oriented toward the future and optimism while reinforcing inequitable distributions of life based on race, class, gender, and dis/ability. Affirming life can obscure death, create deadly conditions, and even kill. Deadly Biocultures examines the affirmation to hope, target, thrive, secure, and green in the respective biocultures of cancer, race-based health, fatness, aging, and the afterlife. Its chapters focus on specific practices, technologies, or techniques that ostensibly affirm life and suggest life's inextricable links to capital but that also engender a politics of death and erasure. The authors ultimately ask: what alternative social forms and individual practices might be mapped onto or intersect with biomedicine for more equitable biofutures?
Publication Date: 2019-12-17
Islam by Nadia Marzouki; Christopher Jon Delogu; Olivier Roy (Foreword by); Richard Bulliet; Gerhard Endress; Carole Hillenbrand
Publication Date: 2017-04-04
Islam: An American Religion demonstrates how Islam as formed in the United States has become an American religion in a double sense--first through the strategies of recognition adopted by Muslims and second through the performance of Islam as a faith.